Research, References and Inspiration: A Selection

The I Matter Framework offers an integration of the best available research evidence on what helps children who are anxious and challenging and their families to thrive.   

The following are just a few of the many sources that have inspired the development of this resource.



Ainsworth, M.D., Blehar, M., Waters, E. and Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Archer, C. (1997). First Steps in Parenting the Child who Hurts: Tiddlers and Toddlers. Jessica Kingsley.

Dawson, P. a. (2009). Smart but Scattered. Guilford Press.

Aldort, N. (2005). Raising Our Children: Raising Ourselves. Book Publishers Network.

Bandura, A (1971) Social Learning Theory

Bomber, L. M. (2007). Inside I'm Hurting: Practical strategies for supporting children with attachment difficulties in schools. Worth Publishing.

Bowlby, J. (1998). A Secure Base: Clinical Applications of Attachment Theory. Routledge.

Bowlby, J. (1971). Attachment, Separation and Loss: Volume 1-3. Penguin.

Brazleton, T. B. (2000). The Irreducible Needs of Children. Perseus Publishing.

Bronfenbrenner, U. and Ceci, S. J. (1994). Nature-nurture reconceptualized in developmental perspective: a bioecological model. Psychological Review, 101(4): 568–586.

Cairns, K. (2002). Attachment, Trauma and Resilience. BAAF.

Cook, A., Spinazzola, J., Ford, J., Lanktree, C., Blaustein, M., Cloitre, M., DeRosa, R., Hubbard, R., Kagan, R., Liautaud, J., Mallah, K., Olafson, E., and van der Kolk, B. (2005). Complex Trauma in Children and Adolescents. Psychiatric Annals, 35:5.

De Marsico, B (2010)  The Myth of Unhappiness. The Collected Works of Bruce di Marsico.   Dialogues in Self Discovery

Darwin, C. (1872). The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. John Murray.

Douglas, H. (2007). Containment and Reciprocity. London: Routledge.

Douglas, H. and Ginty, M. (2001) The Solihull Approach: changes in health visiting practice. Community Practitioner, 74(6), 222-224

Ehlers, A. and Clark, D. M. (2000). A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 319–345.

Faber, A. a. (1995). How to talk so kids can learn. Fireside.

Fertel M (2004)  Marriage Fitness   Edwin Morris and Company

Forbers, H. a. (2006). Beyond Consequences, Logic and Control: A love based approach to helping children with severe behaviours. Beyond Consequences Institute.

Freeman, W. (1999). How brains make up their minds. Orion Publishing.

Fonagy, P., Steele, H. and Steele, M. (1991). Maternal representations of attachment during pregnancy predict the organisation of infant-mother attachment at one year of age. Child Development, 62, 891-905.

Freud S. (1920). Beyond the Pleasure Principle. In Vol.11 On Metapsychology. Penguin Freud Library.

Geddes, H. (2006). Attachment in the Classroom: The Links between children's early experience, emotional well-being and performance in school. Worth Publishing.

George, E. I. (1990). Problem to Solution: Brief Therapy with Indviduals and Families. BT Press.

Gerhardt, S. (2010). The Selfish Society: How we all forgot to love one another and made money instead. Simon and Schuster.

Gerhardt, S. (2008). Why Love Matters: how affection shapes a baby's brain. Routledge..

Gilbert, P. (2010). The Compassionate Mind.  Harbinger Publications

Gilbertson, M.W., Shenton, M.E., Ciszewski, A., Kasai, K., Lasko, N.B, Orr, S.P., Pitman, R.K. (Nov 2002). Smaller hippocampal volume predicts pathologic vulnerability to psychological trauma. Nat Neurosci. 5(11):1242-7.

Glasser, H and Easley, MA (2007)    Transforming the Difficult Child:  The Nurtured Heart Approach

Ginott, H. (2003). Between Parent and Child. Three Rivers Press.

Golding, K. and Hughes, D (2012) Creating Loving Attachments  Jessica Kingsley Publishers

Greene, R. (2005). The Explosive Child. A New Approach to Understanding and Parenting Easily Frustrated and Chronically Inflexible Children  First Harper...

Goddard, S. (2002). Reflexes Learning and Behaviour. Fern Ridge Press.

Greenspan, S. a. (2006). Engaging Autism: Using the Floortime Approach to Help Children Relate, Communicate and Think. Da Capo Press.

Gulden, H. a. (2003). And You are Still You: Developing and Maintaining a Stable Sense of Self. Scottish Adoption Association.

Gutstein, S. (2000). Autism, Aspergers: Solving the Relationship Puzzle. Future Horizons.

Gutstein, S. (2007). The Relationship Development Intervention and Program and Intervention. Connections Center Publishing.

Hari, J (2018).  Lost Connections, Why You're Depressed and How to Find Hope   Bloomsbury

Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Turner, H.A. and Ormrod, R. (2010). The overlap of witnessing partner violence with child maltreatment and other victimizations in a nationally representative survey of Youth. Child Abuse and Neglect, 34, 734-741.

Herman, J. (2015). Trauma & Recovery (Revised). New York: Basic Books.

Hoffman, M.A. and Kruczek, T. (2011). A bioecological model of mass trauma: Individual, community and societal effects. The Counseling Psychologist, 39, 1087-1127.

Hirshberg, C. a. (1995). Remarkable Recovery. Headline Books.

Hughes, D. (2006). Building the Bonds of Attachment: Awakening Love in Deeply Troubled Children. Jason Aronson.

Hughes, D. (2007). Attachment Focussed Family Therapy. Norton.

Hughes, D and Baylin, J (2012) Brain-Based Parenting: The neuroscience of caregiving for Health Attachment.  Norton.

Jeffers, S. (1987). Feel the Fear and Do it Anyway. Random House.

Jernberg, A. a. (2001). Theraplay: Helping Parents and Children Build Better Relationships Through Attachment Based PLay. Jossey Bass.

Lendrum, S. a. (1992). Gift of Tears. Routledge.

LeDoux, J. (2003). The Emotional Brain, Fear, and the Amygdala. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology, 23 (4/5).

Main, M. and Solomon, J. (1986). Discovery of a new, insecure-disorganized/disoriented attachment pattern. In M. Yogman and T. B. Brazelton (Eds.), Affective development in infancy. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Malan, D. (1999). Individual Psychotherapy and the Science of Psychodynamics (2nd edition). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

McFarlane, A.C. (1987). The relationship between patterns of family interaction and psychiatric disorder in children, Aust. N Z. Journal Psychiatry, 21(3): 383-90.

Neufeld, G. a. (2006). Hold On To Your Kids: Why parents need to matter more than peers. Ballantine Books.

Ogden, P., Minton, K. and Pain, C. (2006). Trauma and the body: A sensorimotor approach to psychotherapy. New York: Norton.

Pearlman, L.A. and Saakvitne, K.W. (1995) Trauma and the Therapist. New York: Norton.

Perrin, S. ( 2014). Children exposed to trauma should be screened for symptoms of PTSD. Evid Based Mental Health, 17(4): 107.

Perry, B. (2003). Effects of Traumatic Events on Children. The Child Trauma Academy, www.ChildTrauma.org

Perry, B. (2003) From NEURONS TO NEIGHBORHOODS New Ways to Prevent and Heal Emotional Trauma in Children and Adults. Second Annual Conference, May 17th and 18th 2003, Los Angeles, CA. http://www.healingresources.info/video_bruceperry.htm (Interview with Bruce Perry, Ph.D. Interviewed by Margot Winchester, Philanthro Films).

Perry, A. (2009). Teenagers and Attachment. Worth Publishing.

Paul, M. (1990). Inner Bonding: Becoming a loving adult to your inner child. Harper One.

Perry, B. (2008). The boy who was raised as a dog. Basic Books.

Perry, BD. and Graner, S (2018)  The Neurosequential Model in Education: Introduction to the NME Series: Trainers Guide Kindle

Pincus, D. (2011). The Calm Parent. Legacy Publishing .

Porges, S. (2011). The Polyvagal Theory: Neurophysiological Foundations of Emotions, Attachment, Communication and Self-Regulation. Norton and Company

Post, B. (2009). The Great Behaviour Breakdown. Post Institute.

Ratey, J. (2001). A users guide to the brain. Abacus.

Ratey, J. a. (2010). Spark! How Exercise Will Improve The Performance of Your Brain. Quercus.

Rothschild, B. (2000). The Body Remembers: The psychophysiology of Trauma and Trauma Treatment. Norton and Company.

Rothschild, B. (2010). 8 keys to safe trauma recovery: take charge strategies to empower your healing. Norton.

Schore, A. (1994). Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self: The neurobiology of emotional development. Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.

Seligman, M. (1990). Learned Optimism. Simon and Schuster.

Selye, H. (1956). The Stress of Life. McGraw Hill.

Siegel, D. a. (2004). Parenting from the Inside Out: How a deeper self-understanding can help you raise children who thrive. Tarcher/Penguin.

Sharma, A and Cockerill, H  (1973) Mary Sheridans  From Birth to Five: Children's Developmental Progress  Routledge

Sunderland, M. (2006). What every parent needs to know. Dorling Kindersley..

Solomon, J. a. (1999). Attachment Disorganisation. Guildford Press.

Sonders, S. (2003). Giggle Time: Establishing the Social Connection. Jessica Kingsley.

Sroufe, A. (1995). Emotional Development: The organisation of Emotional Life in the Early Years. Cambridge University Press.

Stern, D. (1977). The First Relationship. Harvard University Press.

Tajfel, H. (1974). "Social identity and intergroup behavior". Social Science Information13(2): 65–93. 

Williams, D. (2006). The Jumbled Jigsaw: An insiders approach to the treatment of autistic spectrum fruit salads. Jessica Kingsely.

Winnicott, D. (1990). The Maturational Process and the Facilitating Environment. Maresfield Library.

Von der Kolk, B (2015)  The Body Keeps the Score  Penguin

In 1995 I drew my reading together into a guide for practice.   It was revised again in 2005.

This was the roots of what became the I Matter Framework, so I am completing a 2020 revision to be available with the i Matter Framework book


Understanding Interpersonal Trauma in Children: Why We Need a Developmentally Appropriate Trauma Diagnosis
 –  D’Andrea, Ford, Stolbach, Spinazzola & van der Kolk, 2012





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